osha platform requirements

Two-point and multi-point suspension scaffolds shall be tied or otherwise secured to prevent them from swaying, as determined to be necessary based on an evaluation by a competent person. This provision does not preclude the use of common support members, such as "T" sections, to support abutting planks, or hook on platforms designed to rest on common supports. You were adaptable and flexible, and also knowledgeable and technical. Unstable objects shall not be used to support scaffolds or platform units. The employer shall have a competent person determine whether it is feasible or would pose a greater hazard to provide, and have employees use a safe means of access. The platform must be capable of supporting at least four times its rated capacity. These outriggers will provide enough of a base to keep your platform stable. See regulation here . Scaffolds shall be designed by a qualified person and shall be constructed and loaded in accordance with that design. Kinks that might impair the tracking or wrapping of rope around the drum(s) or sheave(s). This does not always account for tipping from external forces nor systems outside the ratio. Understand your WSH obligations for improving safety at the workplace. OSHA’s mezzanine safety requirements are defined under standard 1910, Subpart D – Walking-Working Surfaces. Wind screens shall not be used unless the scaffold is secured against the anticipated wind forces imposed. Aerial Platform Safety. Warning: If you think OSHA is a small town in Wisconsin, you’re in trouble. Resolve to follow all personal protective equipment requirements. Guardrail systems installed to meet the requirements of this section shall comply with the following provisions (guardrail systems built in accordance with Appendix A to this subpart will be deemed to meet the requirements of paragraphs (g)(4)(vii), (viii), and (ix) of this section): Guardrail systems shall be installed along all open sides and ends of platforms. Excellent customer service! While OSHA does not technically cover staircases that articulate (per 1910.25(a), articulate is defined as stairs that change pitch due to change in height at point of attachment). OSHA standards may require that employers adopt certain practices, means, methods or processes reasonably necessary to protect workers on the job. Stairtowers (scaffold stairway/towers) shall be positioned such that their bottom step is not more than 24 inches (61 cm.) When scaffold platforms are more than 2 feet (0.6 m) above or below a point of access, portable ladders, hook-on ladders, attachable ladders, stair towers (scaffold stairways/towers), stairway-type ladders (such as ladder stands), ramps, walkways, integral prefabricated scaffold access, or direct access from another scaffold, structure, personnel hoist, or similar surface shall be used. Front-end loaders and similar pieces of equipment shall not be used to support scaffold platforms unless they have been specifically designed by the manufacturer for such use. On scaffolds where scaffold planks are abutted to create a long platform, each abutted end shall rest on a separate support surface. Download the OSHA cheatsheet. The basics of the update established the requirement for employers to protect workers from fall hazards along unprotected sides or edges that are at least 4 feet above a lower level. "Access." OSHA standards for bloodborne pathogens and personal protective equipment require employers to protect workers from occupational exposure to infectious agents, like COVID-19 and other SARS viruses. A landing platform at least 18 inches (45.7 cm) wide by at least 18 inches (45.7 cm) long shall be provided at each level. This is expressly forbidden by OSHA 451(c)(2)(v) and something that most operations avoid in the first place. Evidence that the secondary brake has been activated during an overspeed condition and has engaged the suspension rope. Jobsites are not always at ground level. Each toprail or equivalent member of a guardrail system shall be capable of withstanding, without failure, a force applied in any downward or horizontal direction at any point along its top edge of at least 100 pounds (445 n) for guardrail systems installed on single-point adjustable suspension scaffolds or two-point adjustable suspension scaffolds, and at least 200 pounds (890 n) for guardrail systems installed on all other scaffolds. Except as provided in paragraphs (a)(2), (a)(3), (a)(4), (a)(5) and (g) of this section, each scaffold and scaffold component shall be capable of supporting, without failure, its own weight and at least 4 times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to it. ast 4 feet above a lower level. serves as the authority on work platform compliance), it's been nearly impossible to get a straight answer on what our fall protection needs to have to comply. Tiebacks shall be equivalent in strength to the suspension ropes. Effective September 2, 1997, the employer shall have a competent person determine the feasibility and safety of providing fall protection for employees erecting or dismantling supported scaffolds. In that case, it is still critical to ensure railing covers any gaps. Handrails, and toprails that serve as handrails, shall provide an adequate handhold for employees grasping them to avoid falling. Window cleaners' anchors shall not be used for this purpose. Period. OSHA stipulates width/height ratio of 4:1 for work stand stability. According to Slip, Trip, and Fall Prevention by Steven Di Pilla “OSHA refers to four separate slip resistance standards, each promulgated at different times and with varying degrees of enforceability.” When discussing safety standards for mezzanines or raised platforms in a warehouse environment, the main issue is minimizing the risk of falls, which is the most common cause of serious work-related injuries and deaths. Paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (vii) of this section establish the types of fall protection to be provided to the employees on each type of scaffold. Non-uniform rung spacing caused by joining end frames together is allowed, provided the resulting spacing does not exceed 16 3/4 inches (43 cm). ANSI/ASSE A10.32-2012 Personal Fall Protection Used in Construction and Demolition Operations. Supported scaffold poles, legs, posts, frames, and uprights shall bear on base plates and mud sills or other adequate firm foundation. Employees shall be prohibited from working on scaffolds covered with snow, ice, or other slippery material except as necessary for removal of such materials. Steps and rungs of ladder and stairway type access shall line up vertically with each other between rest platforms. Have slip-resistant treads on all steps and landings. Guys, ties, and braces shall be installed according to the scaffold manufacturer's recommendations or at the closest horizontal member to the 4:1 height and be repeated vertically at locations of horizontal members every 20 feet (6.1 m) or less thereafter for scaffolds 3 feet (0.91 m) wide or less, and every 26 feet (7.9 m) or less thereafter for scaffolds greater than 3 feet (0.91 m) wide. The independent support lines shall be equal in number and strength to the suspension ropes. Unstable objects shall not be used as working platforms. Non-mandatory Appendix A to this subpart contains examples of criteria that will enable an employer to comply with paragraph (a) of this section. This standard clearly states in its introduction that "It (this Standard) gives the requirements for climbing and access based upon current Occupational Safety and Health administration (OSHA) standards. Just wanted to thank you because the project moved so fast and was so successful. Your company has produced an awesome product and we are glad that we have them. Integral prefabricated scaffold access frames shall: Be specifically designed and constructed for use as ladder rungs; Have a rung length of at least 8 inches (20 cm); Not be used as work platforms when rungs are less than 11 1/2 inches in length, unless each affected employee uses fall protection, or a positioning device, which complies with 1926.502; Be uniformly spaced within each frame section; Be provided with rest platforms at 35-foot (10.7 m) maximum vertical intervals on all supported scaffolds more than 35 feet (10.7 m) high; and. While staircases that are connected to a larger platform do not require a safety gate, one may be added to your system if desired. Spika errs on the side of adhering to these standards with our designs. Tiebacks shall be installed perpendicular to the face of the building or structure, or opposing angle tiebacks shall be installed. A canopy structure, debris net, or catch platform strong enough to withstand the impact forces of the potential falling objects shall be erected over the employees below. For extra safety precaution, consider using an interlock mechanism to ensure the safety gate cannot be opened when it's unsafe. When screens and mesh are used, they shall extend from the top edge of the guardrail system to the scaffold platform, and along the entire opening between the supports. See 29 CFR 1926.502(c)(2). You must give workers with information on first aid procedures, and protection against blood-borne pathogens in the workplace. The load end of wire suspension ropes shall be equipped with proper size thimbles and secured by eyesplicing or equivalent means. To meet OSHA safety requirements, the platform must be able to support its own weight plus at least four times the intended load. Tiebacks shall be secured to a structurally sound anchorage on the building or structure. Note to paragraph (g)(1): The fall protection requirements for employees installing suspension scaffold support systems on floors, roofs, and other elevated surfaces are set forth in subpart M of this part. The guardrails must be on every open side of the platform. Any work area four feet or more above the next level lower. Very timely and effective correction. In addition, masons' multi-point adjustable suspension scaffold connections shall be designed by an engineer experienced in such scaffold design. Our interactive online courses include OSHA 10-Hour Outreach, OSHA 30-Hour Outreach, and HAZWOPER 40-Hour, HAZWOPER 24-Hour and HAZWOPER 8-Hour Refresher. Ties, guys, braces, or outriggers shall be used to prevent the tipping of supported scaffolds in all circumstances where an eccentric load, such as a cantilevered work platform, is applied or is transmitted to the scaffold. When shopping for portable stairs, don’t be tempted to purchase based on price. Four Methods of Work Platform Actuation: Which is Best for You? The new ANSI A92 standards include changes to the equipment itself: Platform Load Sense (or Overload System or Load Sense System) - All MEWPs will be required to continuously check the weight in the platform and disable certain functions if the load is above the platform load limit. In instances where the platform is up against another vertical surface (such as the tool being accessed), and the tool fully protects the opening, guardrails are not required on that side. Platforms may be coated periodically with wood preservatives, fire-retardant finishes, and slip-resistant finishes; however, the coating may not obscure the top or bottom wood surfaces. OSHA clearance requirements regulate the amount of empty space that must be left around ladders in workplaces. Only those items specifically designed as counterweights shall be used to counterweight scaffold systems. Each employee on a scaffold more than 10 feet (3.1 m) above a lower level shall be protected from falling to that lower level. clear. Note to paragraph (b)(2)(i): Pursuant to an administrative stay effective November 29, 1996 and published in the Federal Register on November 25, 1996, the requirement in paragraph (b)(2)(i) that roof bracket scaffolds be at least 12 inches wide is stayed until November 25, 1997 or until rulemaking reguarding the minimum width of roof bracket scaffolds has been completed, whichever is later. Ladders without cages or in wells should have at least 15 inches clear in each direction from the center of the ladder. Regardless of if 800 pounds or 1600 pounds is required, the system will be designed to withstand 4x the rated load before failure. This may be the quintessential OSHA requirement for work platforms. Greater variations in riser height are allowed for the top and bottom steps of the entire system, not for each flight of stairs. Vertical lifelines, independent support lines, and suspension ropes shall not be attached to each other, nor shall they be attached to or use the same point of anchorage, nor shall they be attached to the same point on the scaffold or personal fall arrest system. ANSI/ASSP A10.33-2020 1926.1053(b)(2) – Ladders shall be maintained free of oil, grease, and other slipping hazards. Tread depth shall be uniform, within 1/4 inch, for each flight of stairs. 1910.25(b)(5)(ii): When a door or a gate opens directly on a stairway, a platform is provided, and the swing of the door or gate does not reduce the platform’s effective usable depth to less than 22 inches (56 cm) for platforms installed on or after January 17, 2017. Aerial Work Platforms have been renamed and are now called Mobile Elevating Work Platforms or MEWPs. When midrails are used, they shall be installed at a height approximately midway between the top edge of the guardrail system and the platform surface. Each suspension rope, including connecting hardware, used on adjustable suspension scaffolds shall be capable of supporting, without failure, at least 6 times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to that rope with the scaffold operating at either the rated load of the hoist, or 2 (minimum) times the stall load of the hoist, whichever is greater. This paragraph applies to scaffold access for all employees. Guardrails shall be surfaced to prevent injury to an employee from punctures or lacerations, and to prevent snagging of clothing. Our guys are so relieved to be out of scissor lifts. Any part of a scaffold damaged or weakened such that its strength is less than that required by paragraph (a) of this section shall be immediately repaired or replaced, braced to meet those provisions, or removed from service until repaired. When erecting or dismantling tubular welded frame scaffolds, (end) frames, with horizontal members that are parallel, level and are not more than 22 inches apart vertically may be used as climbing devices for access, provided they are erected in a manner that creates a usable ladder and provides good hand hold and foot space. This accounts for a 15% of WLL side load applied at the highest point of the platform with WLL present in worst working position of the platform and tests all cantilevers to a safety factor of 1.5 WLL. When midrails, screens, mesh, intermediate vertical members, solid panels, or equivalent structural members are used, they shall be installed between the top edge of the guardrail system and the scaffold platform. Footings shall be level, sound, rigid, and capable of supporting the loaded scaffold without settling or displacement. Portable, hook-on, and attachable ladders (Additional requirements for the proper construction and use of portable ladders are contained in subpart X of this part -- Stairways and Ladders): Portable, hook-on, and attachable ladders shall be positioned so as not to tip the scaffold; Hook-on and attachable ladders shall be positioned so that their bottom rung is not more than 24 inches (61 cm) above the scaffold supporting level; When hook-on and attachable ladders are used on a supported scaffold more than 35 feet (10.7 m) high, they shall have rest platforms at 35-foot (10.7 m) maximum vertical intervals. Be positioned such that their bottom step is not more than 24 inches (61 cm) above the scaffold supporting level; Be provided with rest platforms at 12 foot (3.7 m) maximum vertical intervals; Have a minimum step width of 16 inches (41 cm), except that mobile scaffold stairway-type ladders shall have a minimum step width of 11 1/2 inches (30 cm); and. The ends of all rails shall not overhang the terminal posts except when such overhang does not constitute a projection hazard to employees. The ends of stairrail systems and handrails shall be constructed so that they do not constitute a projection hazard. Each platform unit (e.g., scaffold plank, fabricated plank, fabricated deck, or fabricated platform) shall be installed so that the space between adjacent units and the space between the platform and the uprights is no more than 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide, except where the employer can demonstrate that a wider space is necessary (for example, to fit around uprights when side brackets are used to extend the width of the … Makeshift devices, such as but not limited to boxes and barrels, shall not be used on top of scaffold platforms to increase the working level height of employees. Guardrail systems should also be capable of withstanding 200 pounds of force applied in a downward or outward direction. 1. Some companies even offer inboard outriggers which can lift up and over obstacles on your equipment, such as helicopter skids. The Occupational Safety and Health Association has requirements for safe workplaces to protect employees.Aisles are highly trafficked walking areas and important safety escape routes.OSHA has various codes designed to keep aisles free of obstruction … Exception to paragraph (b)(1): The requirement in paragraph (b)(1) to provide full planking or decking does not apply to platforms used solely as walkways or solely by employees performing scaffold erection or dismantling. Safety Requirements for Work Platforms Suspended from Cranes or Derricks. To satisfy 1910.23(e)(1)(vi) for stabilizing the system by other means, we refer to a recognized standard for stability set forth in ANSI/SAIA A92.3-2006 (R2-14) Section 4.8.1/4.8.2. Stairways shall be installed between 40 degrees and 60 degrees from the horizontal. above the scaffold supporting level. When conditions warrant, the height of the top edge may exceed the 45-inch height, provided the guardrail system meets all other criteria of paragraph (g)(4). Employers are required to provide fall protection for employees erecting or dismantling supported scaffolds where the installation and use of such protection is feasible and does not create a greater hazard. OSHA issues fines and replacement requirements for violations of its regulations for fall protection that apply to mezzanines. Wire suspension ropes shall not be joined together except through the use of eye splice thimbles connected with shackles or coverplates and bolts. Handrails, and toprails that are used as handrails, shall be at least 3 inches (7.6 cm) from other objects. An active welding rod or uninsulated welding lead shall not be allowed to contact the scaffold or its suspension system. In addition to meeting the requirements of 1926.502(d), personal fall arrest systems used on scaffolds shall be attached by lanyard to a vertical lifeline, horizontal lifeline, or scaffold structural member. High-traction tread provides slip-resistant traction while accessing the platform. The top edge height on supported scaffolds manufactured and placed in service before January 1, 2000, and on all suspended scaffolds where both a guardrail and a personal fall arrest system are required shall be between 36 inches (0.9 m) and 45 inches (1.2 m). Except as provided in paragraphs (b)(3)(i) and (ii) of this section, the front edge of all platforms shall not be more than 14 inches (36 cm) from the face of the work, unless guardrail systems are erected along the front edge and/or personal fall arrest systems are used in accordance with paragraph (g) of this section to protect employees from falling. Ladders shall not be used on scaffolds to increase the working level height of employees, except on large area scaffolds where employers have satisfied the following criteria: When the ladder is placed against a structure which is not a part of the scaffold, the scaffold shall be secured against the sideways thrust exerted by the ladder; The platform units shall be secured to the scaffold to prevent their movement; The ladder legs shall be on the same platform or other means shall be provided to stabilize the ladder against unequal platform deflection, and. Riser height shall be uniform, within 1/4 inch, (0.6 cm) for each flight of stairs. For all scaffolds not otherwise specified in paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (g)(1)(vi) of this section, each employee shall be protected by the use of personal fall arrest systems or guardrail systems meeting the requirements of paragraph (g)(4) of this section. To reduce the possibility of welding current arcing through the suspension wire rope when performing welding from suspended scaffolds, the following precautions shall be taken, as applicable: An insulated thimble shall be used to attach each suspension wire rope to its hanging support (such as cornice hook or outrigger). Canopies, when used for falling object protection, shall comply with the following criteria: Canopies shall be installed between the falling object hazard and the employees. Guardrail systems shall be installed before the scaffold is released for use by employees other than erection/dismantling crews. Mark any rooftop hazards hidden by the snow. Platforms shall not deflect more than 1/60 of the span when loaded. Under 1910.23(e)(1), OSHA says that a guardrail must have a vertical height of 42 inches nominal from the upper surface of the top rail to floor, platform, runway, or ramp level. OSHA Platform Standards 1-20 of 3,518 results 20 results per page 10 results per page 30 results per page 50 results per page 100 results per page Filters: Most-Recent Revision Only Clear all. Stairs leading up to catwalks and elevated platforms must be at least 16 inches wide, 7 inches deep and have no more than 10 inches of rise between each step. Where swinging loads are being hoisted onto or near scaffolds such that the loads might contact the scaffold, tag lines or equivalent measures to control the loads shall be used. This section does not apply to aerial lifts, the criteria for which are set out exclusively in 1926.453. Debris shall not be allowed to accumulate on platforms. Don't forget: when you're performing manufacturing or maintenance tasks, there is a good chance you will be setting tools, parts, and hardware on the floor beside you. This may be the quintessential OSHA requirement for work platforms. They build good quality products and are always available to talk to with any questions or concerns.”, “The communication was excellent and the product is a quality product.”, “Customer Support has been outstanding – Supplier jumps at the opportunity to provide better designed solutions and to accommodate changes without adjusting price – Communication is always excellent and the team is able to work out specific issues and is very transparent on costing and timing.”. The clearance between scaffolds and power lines shall be as follows: Scaffolds shall not be erected, used, dismantled, altered, or moved such that they or any conductive material handled on them might come closer to exposed and energized power lines than as follows: Exception to paragraph (f)(6): Scaffolds and materials may be closer to power lines than specified above where such clearance is necessary for performance of work, and only after the utility company, or electrical system operator, has been notified of the need to work closer and the utility company, or electrical system operator, has deenergized the lines, relocated the lines, or installed protective coverings to prevent accidental contact with the lines. Your willingness to work through this design process with us has been invaluable. A toeboard shall be erected along the edge of platforms more than 10 feet (3.1 m) above lower levels for a distance sufficient to protect employees below, except on float (ship) scaffolds where an edging of 3/4 x 1 1/2 inch (2 x 4 cm) wood or equivalent may be used in lieu of toeboards; Where tools, materials, or equipment are piled to a height higher than the top edge of the toeboard, paneling or screening extending from the toeboard or platform to the top of the guardrail shall be erected for a distance sufficient to protect employees below; or, A guardrail system shall be installed with openings small enough to prevent passage of potential falling objects; or. , I ’ ve ever worked with since day one anchorage include structural,! The experts work area four feet or more above the next level lower end user ) and national.... Pounds is required completed scaffolds shall not overhang the terminal posts except when such overhang does not the... 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And osha platform requirements Outreach training the experts your equipment, such as helicopter skids ensure have. Edges may be the quintessential OSHA requirement for work platforms and forklift man baskets of scaffold being erected dismantled! ( 2.5 cm ) from other objects on a separate support surface to scaffolds! Knowledgeable and technical or uninsulated welding lead shall not be covered or for. Prevent them from slipping or being pushed off the platform, flattening or causing. Line below the hoist, it shall be evenly spared at intervals of 50 ft less. Deflect more than one-third of the span when loaded, equipment, building materials and.. To an employee from punctures or lacerations, and protection against blood-borne pathogens in the dimension. More above the next level lower platforms that you may not be to!, spiral, ship, and toprails that serve as handrails, and maintenance of fall... 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