scope of demography

The scope of demography is very wide. However, most of the population studies are conducted in macro-demography. • A formal demography is concerned with the size, distribution, structure and changes of population 10. December 12, 2008. High fertility is connected to the child development. To conclude with Irene Taeuber, “With improved data, new techniques and precise measurement of the demographic transition that is occurring, demography has become a science. They are kept in view while fixing targets of agricultural and industrial products, of social and basic services like schools and other educational institutions, hospitals, houses, electricity, transport, etc. It includes the subject matter of demography, is it a micro or macro study? Dissertation with Formulas: How to Handle, History and Development of Social Psychology, What is Socialization – Meaning and Definition …, Elements of Culture | Basic Elements of …, What are the Sources of Cultural Change …. The principles of demography have universal validity as they are applicable to all countries, given the same conditions. It goes on revising its conclusions in the light of new facts based on observations. Data relating to the present trend in population growth help the planners in formulating policies for the economic plan of the country. Therefore, the scope of demography should include both micro and macro aspects of population. Rapid population growth reduces per capita income, lowers the standard of living, plunges the economy into mass unemployment and under employment, brings environmental damage and puts a burden on existing social infrastructure. Thus demography is the science of people. It is on the basis of the census figures pertaining to different areas that the demarcation of constituencies is done by the election commission of a country. (c) What political, social and economic causes bring changes in the distribution of population. The word ‘Demography’ is a combination of two Greek words, ‘Demos’ meaning people and ‘Graphy’ meaning science. ...Scope of Demography The scope of demography has been classified into two sections: Macro- demography and micro- demography. Defining demography • Demography is the study of human populations in relation to the changes brought about by the interplay of births, deaths, and migration. A broad study of demography studies both qualitative and quantitative aspects of population.”, Thus, according to Donald J. Bougue, “Demography is a statistical and mathematical study of the size, composition, spatial distribution of human population, and of changes overtime in these aspects through the operation of the five processes of fertility, mortality, marriage, migration and social mobility. The scope of social demography has classified into two sections macro-demography and micro-demography. Demography is the study of human population dynamics. Definition of Demography As regard definition of this term, the economists, geographers, social scientists and others have defined it in their own way that suits their convenience and view point. Why migrations take place and what are their effects? Political parties are able to find out from the census data the number of male and female voters, their level of education, their age structure, their level of earning, etc. Population studies help us to know how far the growth rate of the economy is keeping pace with the growth rate of population. All these form part of macro aspects of population studies which also include unemployment, poverty and policies relating to them; population control and family welfare; and theories of population, migration and urbanisation, etc. Population policy is an important subject of demography especially in the context of developing countries. All these definitions take a narrow view because they emphasise only the quantitative aspects of demography. The scope of social demography has classified into two sections macro-demography and micro-demography. Thus, as a subject, population education is as old as human civilization. The term demography has been defined both in a narrow and broad sense. Scope 4. Similarly in the case of fertility and migration both of the fields are helpful for population studies its scope is increasing day by day. Even though, the term “Population Studies” is more popular, the word ‘Demography’ is under wider use these days. After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. In this context, according to Hauser and Duncan, “Demography is the study of size, territorial distribution and composition of population, changes therein, and the components of such changes, which may be identified as natality, mortality, territorial movement (migration), and social mobility (change of status).”, According to Frank Lorimer, “In broad sense, demography includes both demographic analysis and population studies. In the composition of population factors like the sex ratio, race wise and age- group wise size of population, the ratio of rural and urban population, distribution of population according to religion and language, occupational distribution of population, agricultural and industrial structure and per sq. Dynamisms in age, size, culture and race put pressure on health care organizations to adapt to these changing needs to address all health-reform requirements. The Nature of Demography is a response to these enormous changes. Demographic analysis can relate to whole societies or to smaller groups defined by criteria such as education, religion, or ethnicity. Macro-demography includes the study of systems, cultures and societies on a large scale. The true scope of demography relates to whether it is a micro or macro study. According to Hauser and Duncan (1959), ‘Demography is the study of the size, territorial distri­bution and composition of population, changes therein, and the composition of such changes which may be identified as natality, mortality, territorial movements and social mobility (change of status)’. (b) How their numbers and proportions change? 1-Nature of Geography We frequently use the term *Nature* like nature of any person, nature of any product ,etc . Demographics affect health care by enhancing dynamisms in health care resource provision, the cost of care and conditions associated with each population group, according to Ensocare. Population studies have much importance for the society. Urbanisation is another factor in the distribution of population within the country. The addition to the number of voters after each election helps to find out how many have migrated from other places and regions of the country. Definitions of Demography 3. Thus the later study has smaller units and it is conducted intensively. These broad definitions take into view not only the size, composition and distribution of population and changes in them in the long run but also imply human migration and change in the status of population through education, employment, social status, etc. density of population are very important. Population studies include the following: (a) How people are distributed among and within continents, world regions and developed and underdeveloped countries? Now considered a necessity in the advertising industry, demographics helps businesses identify those consumers most likely to buy their products or services. Similarly, theories of migration and urbanisation form part of the study of demography. It is considered an important subject capable of throwing light on the nature of population education. The scope of demography is widening and many social welfare departments are set up to study population in our country. Based on population data, projections are made about the increase in labour force, and the number of people in the age-groups 1-15 years, 15-50 years and above in order to estimate the labour force available for productive employment. arise. It has its own theories like the Malthusian Theory, the theory of Demographic Transition, etc. of an individual, a family or group of a particular city or area or community. Other branches of study dealing with human population, viz., demography and population studies, were also undergoing parallel change. Among others, Hauser and Duncan include the study of fertility, mortality, distribution, migration, etc. (Eds), Readings in Human Geography (pp.1-14). The knowledge of demography is of immense importance for a democratic political system. The health and healthcare needs of a population cannot be measured or met without knowledge of its size and characteristics. Demography has made a boundary wall around the following subjects. Fertility, death rate, migration, genetic composition, population and means of survival, techniques of population, measurement and training of the demographers, distribution of population, family planning, growth of population, demographic aspects of supply of labor demographic aspect of education, demographic aspect of housing and the demographic aspect of saving and investment. Whether it is a science or art? Quantitative and qualitative aspects of population of migration and urbanisation form part of nineteenth... Demography, © 2017 SociologyDiscussion - all rights reserved Terms of Service policy. In them or inherent feature of something, especially when seen as a characteristics of populations and subsets of,... 2017 SociologyDiscussion - all rights reserved Terms of Service Privacy policy Contact us and supply of labour level. Like individual, a family or group of a population can not be measured met. 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Term demography has classified into two sections macro-demography and micro-demography in our country types study of composition and of! It includes the study of demography is concerned with the growing population which further lead the...

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