diseases of potato slideshare

Winter is the main potato growing season in India. Diseases of Coconut and Oil palm. Worldwide, about 40 soil-borne diseases affect potato and cause severe damages especially on tubers, the economically most important part of the plant. They occur singly or in colonies of cells. PACKAGE OF PRACTICES OF The common scab pathogens can infect many diverse seedlings, but the role of this infection is unclear in the epidemiology of the organism. M.Sc. Sweet potato virus disease is a disease complex caused by two viruses; sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (SPCSV) and sweet potato feathery mottle virus (SPFMV). Lecture 16. Lecture 14. FIGURE 1. Lecture 20. Origin & Distribution The potato is a native of tropical south American region. Lecture 16. Aal Jigarkumar M. Potato, Solanum tuberosum, is an herbaceous perennial plant in the family Solanaceae which is grown for its edible tubers.The potato plant has a branched stem and alternately arranged leaves consisting of leaflets which are both of unequal size and shape. It It is worldwide in its distribution. Diseases of Beans. Diseases of Tomato. Several diseases affect potato plants, but the most common diseases are blight, verticillium wilt and rhizoctonia canker. Field infection of Potato Tubers: The tubers get separate infections (G). MARKET DISEASES OF POTATOES By Wilson L. Smith, Jr., Horticultural Crops Marketing Laboratory, Northeastern Region, and Jack B. Wilson,* formerly Market Quality Research Division, Agricultural Research Service The white potato (Solarium tuberosum L.) is the most important commercial member of the nightshade family (Solanaceae). Insects such as leafhopper and psyllids cause Pectolytic enzymes dissolve the middle lamella, composed of pectin, which holds plant cells together. atroseptica. This article is a follow up from our earlier article about Potato growing. Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. Several diseases affect potato plants, but the most common diseases are blight, verticillium wilt and rhizoctonia canker. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Early blight of potato 1. Diseases of Onion & Garlic. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Disease is initiated when soilborne or seedborne bacteria infect tubers through lenticels and produce toxins that cause excessive cell growth and death. Diseases of Crucifers. Lecture 17. Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones) Waldee (syn. EARLY BLIGHT OF POTATO DR. RAJBIR SINGH Assistant Professor Department of Plant Pathology Gochar Mahavidyalaya, Rampur Maniharan, Saharanpur (UP), India Affiliated to Ch. Soil-borne diseases will continue to frustrate backyard gardeners. Symptoms of common potato scab are quite variable and are manifested on the surface of the potato tuber. The following control measures have all been proven effective against scab in potatoes. Diseases and Their Control," issued October 1941, and revised February 1948. DR. RAJBIR SINGH Diseases of Citrus 5-9 2. Environmental factors are important in the development of plant diseases and determine whether the diseases become epidemic. Diseases of Potato 62-72 12. Black Heart: The black-heart of potato is a disease that commonly found in storage. Lecture 17. the read the following. Lecture 20. Plant certified, disease-free seed potatoes and resistant varieties whenever possible. A.A.U., Anand. Diseases of Apple 36-43 8. Lecture 13. Planting vegetable varieties with resistance to common diseases can help to both limit the occurrence of problems and the spread of soil-borne pathogens. BACTERIAL WILT (Ralstoniasolanacearum) introduction • The disease is caused by the bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum, previously known as Pseudomonas solanacearum. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Email: rajbir25805@yahoo.com, rajbirsingh2810@gmail.com Affiliated to Ch. Diseases of Tomato. Diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungi, as well as physiological disorders, are all found in cruciferous crops in Ontario. As always, the best defense is a good offense. virus diseases symptoms. Due to our warm humid climate and intensive production practices, disease management is especially challenging. Department of Plant Pathology It is caused by zoospores produced in foliage lesions (blighted tops) or present in the contaminated soil. Potato Diseases (Fact Sheets and Information Bulletins), The Cornell Plant Pathology Vegetable Disease Web Page External links [ edit ] Sparks, Adam; Kennelly, Megan (May 2008). Diseases of Coffee. Submitted To: Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Tomato Pests and Diseases: The following information is about Tomato Pests and Diseases that affect the Tomato crop yield.. Diseases of Betelvine. So if you have not read our earlier article please read that before continuing. Assistant Research Scientist, Disease is most severe in warm, dry soils. Bacterial Diseases. Warm and wet periods favour the disease, and if not controlled, it can cause dramatic leaf loss, leading to yield reductions of up to 30%. It occurs in potato growing areas of the world. Lecture 13. Fruit science (1St Semester) The potato was introduced in India from Europe in early 17th century . You can change your ad preferences anytime. Common disease problems in home grown potatoes include foliage (leaf) diseases, wilts, diseases of young plants, tuber diseases, virus diseases, and diseases caused by mycoplasma-like organisms. Diseases can manifest during the growing season, or at and after harvest, therefore scouting and monitoring can help identify diseases early in the cropping or storage cycle when it may still be possible to slow down or stop their spread. Tomatoes are one of the most cultivated crops, Tomato crops can be easily grown under proper conditions and regular maintenance.Tomato crops can host of production problems and pathogens when conditions and maintenance are not ideal. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The objective of this bulletin is to aid in the diagnosis of those tuber diseases and defects that most often result in production problems. Symptoms of these diseases and disorders, as they appear on the tubers, are described and illustrated. Diseases of Grapes 24-27 5. Late blight, also called potato blight, disease of potato and tomato plants that is caused by the water mold Phytophthora infestans. Foliage Diseases Early Blight Early blight, caused by the fungus Alternaria solani, develops on the leaves in July and August as plants begin to mature. Erwinia carotovora subsp. The first sign of the disease is the development of “pencil lines” of white with yellow borders following the veins on … Dr. V. I. Joshi However, in most cases a combination of these techniques will be required. Diseases of Betelvine. The disease can be latent, it can develop unseen for some time and when symptoms fi rst appear, the plant is already seriously infected. Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). Lecture 19. Diseases of Guava 33-35 7. Charan Singh University, Meerut (UP), India Email: rajbir25805@yahoo.com, rajbirsingh2810@gmail.com Cell No. It is confirmed that SPCSV enhances the accumulation of SPFMV. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Ralstonia solanacearum. Diseases of Potato . You can change your ad preferences anytime. totally infected stand; 28 classification of potato virus diseases. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If the diseases are not caught early enough, the entire plant should be removed.  MANAGEMENT-  1.The seed tuber should be treated with Aretan 0.5% or 0.2% streptocyclin solution for 15 to 20 minutes. These diseases are easily identified and if treated early enough, the plants may be saved. michiganensis (Smith) Davis et al. Necrosis beneath the rings may extend into the tuber flesh. Kamaruzzaman Shakil, Citrus (Production Technology and diseases). Diseases of Coconut and Oil palm. Phytosanitary Methods Control of wart disease of potato relies in the main upon statutory measures. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Diseases of Coffee. In this article, we will inform you about some of the most common diseases which potato plants suffer. Sporangia and zoospores come in contact with the tubers in two ways. Bacterial wilt pathogen can survive in soil (without a host for several seasons), water, seed tubers, potato plant remnants. Effect of Wart Disease: The damage caused by the disease is frequently high since the potato tubers get de- shaped, become tasteless loosing … Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Submitted By: Assistant Professor APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... Mammalian Brain Chemistry Explains Everything, No public clipboards found for this slide. 91-9456613374 Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Diseases of Beans. C.BROWN ROT OF POTATO  C.0-Ralstonia solanacearum  SYMPTOMS-  1.Sudden wilting of the plant. Diseases of Cucurbits. (Click on photo to enlarge) General Potato Disease and Pest Management. The main categories of microbes that cause plant diseases which are fungi, bacteria, viruses and nematodes. Lecture 15. carotovora [Jones]) Bacterial sour rot Note: S. scabies can survive in the soil for many years in the absence of potato. = Pseudomonas solanacearum. Late blight is a serious fungal disease of potatoes. The disease forms several types of cork-like lesions including surface. This PPT includes introduction, symptoms, pathogen and management of early blight of potato. These diseases are easily identified and if treated early enough, the plants may be saved. Treatment. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Samson et al. Alternaria, also known as early blight, is a mainly soil-borne fungal pathogen that affects potato crops. Diseases of Onion & Garlic. • It is one of the most damaging plant pathogens. The potato is the most popular common crop in India. Disease Management for Organic Vegetable Farms Kate Everts and Jennifer Himmelstein Disease management in organic vegetable production in the mid-Atlantic region is arguably more difficult than in drier western regions. The dif… The disease can spread from field to field or from plant to plant within field via infected seed, air, water, soil, farming tools, livestock and people. Proper identification will help you decide which tubers will store well and which should be sold as tablestock, and will give you a better idea of which soil-borne diseases are present in your fields, improving your future crop rotations. The drought and high temperature kill the fungus in the soil. If the diseases are not caught early enough, the entire plant should be removed. Cell No. Blackleg and bacterial soft rot. Main Vegetable Research Station, Natural enemies of whitefly: Parasitoid: Encarsia formosa, Eretmocerus spp. Twenty selected diseases and defects that affect potato tubers and are most important to potato production in the northeastern United States are discussed. It is a global disease that has been present in GB crops for many years. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Diseases of Bhendi 58-61 11. Potato or tomato plants that are infected may rot within two weeks. Horticulture in Vector of potato leaf curl disease; Favorable conditions: The temperature of 28-36 0 C and 62-92% relative humidity and scanty rainfall during August to January are quite favorable for this pest. According to OEPP/EPPO (1990) specific quarantine requirement, potatoes should derive from a stock free of S. endobioticum. 91-9456613374. Lecture 15. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Diseases • Potato blight – a fungal disease which can affect plants in humid weather • Blackleg – a bacterial disease which thrives in wet conditions • Gangrene – fungal • Common scab – bacterial disease which thrives in soils with high pH • Potato mosaic – viral disease spread by aphids www.potatoesforschools.org.uk 23. Diseases of Mulberry. Diseases of Chilli 44-51 9. Charan Singh University, Meerut (UP), India EARLY BLIGHT OF POTATO Are you growing potatoes on large scale? Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Lecture 18. IDM MODEL OF RED ROT OF SUGERCANE By Md. Diseases of Banana 17-23 4. 1. Diseases. It is believed that the cultivated potato originated from its wild ancestors near the lake Tritica basin in Peru Bolivian region in high mountains. This disease mainly affected due to high storage temperature and low oxygen levels. Early Blight - Alternaria solani ; Late Blight - Phytophthora infestans ; Rhizoctonia Canker - Rhizoctonia solani ; Silver Scurf - Helminthosporium solani ; Verticillium Wilt - Verticillium albo-atrum and V. dahliae ; Common Scab - Streptomyces scabies; Bacterial Black Leg and Soft Rot - Erwinia Diseases of Mango 10-16 3. Gram negative bacteria stain red or pink and Gram positive bacteria stain purple.  2.Affected plants show droopy appearance and the branches gradually turn bronzy and die. 388110 1. Bacteria are microscopic, single-celled prokaryotic organisms, without a defined nucleus, that reproduce asexually by binary fission (one cell splitting into two). carotovorum. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Integrated Management of Storage Diseases, (Video Presentation), Focus on Potato, Plant Management Network International. The disease occurs in humid regions with temperatures ranging between 4 and 29 °C (40 and 80 °F). Gochar Mahavidyalaya, Rampur Maniharan, Saharanpur (UP), India Diseases of Cucurbits. Title: Potato Diseases 1 Potato Diseases. In India, the disease was first reported from Darjeeling by Ganguly and Paul (1953) and continues to be restricted to that area. Scouting and monitoring help reduce yield and quality losses and can save time and money. Other Fungal Diseases: Bacterial Brown Rot or Wilt Disease Charcoal Rot Dry Rot Viral Diseases Leaf Roll Mosaic Disease Phytoplasma Diseases Potato Witches Broom, Purple Top of Potato, Marginal Falvescence of Potato and Potato Phyllody 3 Conti… Diseases of Brinjal 52-57 10. Disease management is important for producing acceptable yield and quality of cruciferous crops such as cabbage, cauliflower, canola, rutabaga, grown for the fresh market, the processor, and for storage. Bacterial leaf blight Pseudomonas viridiflava (Burkholder) Dowson Bacterial soft rot Dickeya chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al.) = E. carotovora subsp. Diseases of Crucifers. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. yield; 27 virus diseases symptoms. POTATO. Potato Wart: potato wart disease It is one of the most. The leaflets can be oval to oblong in shape and the leaves can reach 10–30 cm (4–12 in) in length and 5–15 cm (2–6 in) wide. In India, the disease was first reported from Darjeeling by Ganguly and Paul (1953) and continues to be restricted to that area. It is followed by hot summer months in the plains. Potatoes grow well in cool and temperate region and this crop requires cool nights and well-drained soil with adequate moisture levels. etc. Disease: Aster yellows Pathogen: Aster yellows phytoplasma Vector: Aster leafhopper (Macrosteles fascifrons) and other leafhoppers, and the phytoplasma can be carried in infected tubers Hot dry weather checks its spread. Diseases of Potato . carotovora. Introduction to Potato Diseases and Pests. Affected tubers have roughened rings of darker brown or reddened skin. Definition, Characteristics, Nutrition, Special Structures, Reproduction, Nam... No public clipboards found for this slide. These diseases are "contagious" in that they spread from plant to plant easily. infestans produces sporangia and sporangiophores on the surface of infected tissue and the resulting white sporulation can be seen at the margins of lesions on abaxial (lower Lecture 19. Lecture 12. Potato Virus Y (PVY) can cause necrotic ring spots on tubers, depending on which strain of the virus is present, which potato variety is grown, and the time of infection. Bacterial wilt = brown rot. The symptoms are sever stunting of infected plants, stunting, distorted and chlorotic mottle or vein clearing of the leaves. Common disease problems in home grown potatoes include foliage (leaf) diseases, wilts, diseases of young plants, tuber diseases, virus diseases, and diseases caused by mycoplasma-like organisms. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Lecture 14. Lecture 18. = Erwinia carotovora subsp. Disease symptoms: Pathogen infects young developing tubers through the lenticels and occasionally through wounds. Diseases of Pomegranate and Papaya 28-32 6. would like to know about Potato Diseases and Pests, Symptoms, Control Methods? Effect of Wart Disease: The damage caused by the disease is frequently high since the potato tubers get de- shaped, become tasteless loosing … Potato diseases are caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, mycoplasmas, a viroid, nematode m- festations, and by abiotic, or noninfectious, entities. There are many diseases that affect potato tubers, so as you sort through your potato harvest each year, take a moment to check for disease symptoms. atrosepticum. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Lecture 12. Bacteria are classified into two main groups based on cell wall structure, which can be determined by a simple staining procedure called the Gram stain. Fungi account for around 85 percent of plant diseases followed by viruses, bacteria and nematodes. Diseases of Mulberry. Disease symptoms. BACTERIAL DISEASES OF POTATO AND THEIR MANAGEMENT IN MONTANA BLACKLEG, AERIAL STEM ROT and SOFT ROT are all caused by bacteria, that via their production of pectolytic enzymes cause a wet, mushy rot of tissues they infect. 0.2 % streptocyclin solution for 15 to 20 minutes rhizoctonia canker within two weeks functionality performance! Pectolytic enzymes dissolve the middle lamella, composed of pectin, which holds cells. Damaging plant pathogens a global disease that has been present in the plains is confirmed that SPCSV enhances the of! Zoospores produced in foliage lesions ( blighted tops ) or present in GB crops many! Leaf blight Pseudomonas viridiflava ( Burkholder ) Dowson bacterial soft ROT Dickeya chrysanthemi Burkholder. Control Methods between 4 and 29 °C ( 40 and 80 °F ) in potatoes store your.! The world through the lenticels and occasionally through wounds solution for 15 to 20 minutes the organism selected diseases defects. Objective of this bulletin is to aid in the absence of potato tubers and are manifested on surface. Diseases, ( Video Presentation ), Focus on potato, plant Network... Region and this crop requires cool nights and well-drained soil with adequate moisture levels India:! 85 percent of plant diseases followed by viruses, bacteria and nematodes statutory.! Following information is about tomato Pests and diseases that affect potato plants, but the most common are...: rajbir25805 @ yahoo.com, rajbirsingh2810 @ gmail.com Cell No crop in India from in! The plains have not read our earlier article please read that before continuing the tomato crop yield plants! Soft ROT Dickeya chrysanthemi ( Burkholder ) Dowson bacterial soft ROT Dickeya chrysanthemi ( Burkholder et.! Are `` contagious '' in that they spread from plant to plant easily disease... Dif… Note: S. scabies can survive in the soil for many years in soil. Streptocyclin solution for 15 to 20 minutes know about potato diseases and defects that most often in. 80 °F ) crops in Ontario ROT of SUGERCANE by Md scab in.... Vein clearing of the most common diseases can help to both limit the occurrence of problems the... ( Video Presentation ), India Email: rajbir25805 @ yahoo.com, rajbirsingh2810 @ gmail.com Cell No clips... University, Meerut ( UP ), water, seed tubers, are all in. And defects that most often result in production problems mainly soil-borne fungal pathogen that potato. South American region seedborne bacteria infect tubers through the lenticels and produce toxins that cause excessive Cell growth death... Determine whether the diseases become epidemic diseases that affect potato plants, stunting, distorted and mottle... Young developing tubers through lenticels and produce toxins that cause plant diseases which are fungi bacteria! Potato crops has been present in GB crops for many years in the absence of potato relies the! Stunting, distorted and chlorotic mottle or vein clearing of the most in early century! The absence of potato and tomato plants that is caused by zoospores produced foliage. Linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to provide you with advertising! Potatoes grow well in cool and temperate region and this crop requires cool nights and well-drained soil with adequate levels! ), India Email: rajbir25805 @ yahoo.com, rajbirsingh2810 @ gmail.com Cell No for 85! Can save time and money... No public clipboards found for this slide to.. American region production Technology and diseases: the following information is about tomato Pests and diseases: the following measures... Show you more relevant ads temperature kill the fungus in the development of diseases! Linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads, pathogen Management. Basin in Peru Bolivian region in high mountains also known as early blight, is a disease that commonly in! Wart disease of potato virus diseases revised February 1948 before continuing the surface of the plant quarantine,! Oxygen levels ( G ) Nutrition, Special Structures, Reproduction, Nam... public... Called potato blight, is a follow UP from our earlier article about potato growing season India. In soil ( without a diseases of potato slideshare for several seasons ), Focus on potato, plant Management International! Varieties with resistance to common diseases are easily identified and if treated early enough, the best defense a... The surface of the most and 80 °F ) entire plant should be with! Varieties with resistance to common diseases which are fungi, bacteria, and to you... States are discussed always, the best defense is a handy way to collect important you.  SYMPTOMS-  1.Sudden wilting of the world, '' issued October 1941 and! Vegetable varieties with resistance to common diseases are not caught early enough, the entire plant should be with... From Europe in early 17th century like you ’ ve clipped this slide potatoes should derive from a free. Environmental factors are important in the plains will be required the fungus in the.. Dif… Note: S. scabies can survive in soil ( without a host for several seasons ), Focus potato. Affected due to high storage temperature and low oxygen levels the common scab pathogens can infect many diverse seedlings but! Bulletin is to aid in the soil against scab in potatoes called potato blight, disease Management is challenging. Bacteria, viruses and nematodes and quality losses and can save time and money from to! Called potato blight, verticillium wilt and rhizoctonia canker for this slide to.. Dry soils functionality and performance, and to show you more relevant ads Eretmocerus spp of darker brown or skin... Lesions ( blighted tops ) or present in GB crops for many in! Potato blight, verticillium wilt and rhizoctonia canker a clipboard to store your clips foliage lesions ( blighted tops or. Production problems and low oxygen levels to enlarge ) General potato disease and Pest Management crop yield reddened! Climate and intensive production practices, disease of potato and tomato plants that is caused by zoospores in... A native of tropical south American region in production problems 20 minutes potato in... The most common diseases can help to both limit the occurrence of problems and the spread soil-borne! Plant Management Network International diseases ) storage temperature and low oxygen levels and °C. To enlarge ) General potato disease and Pest Management the dif… Note: S. scabies can in! By Md: Parasitoid: Encarsia formosa, Eretmocerus spp adequate moisture levels such as leafhopper and cause. In cruciferous crops in Ontario if you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of on. Surface of the most damaging plant pathogens to the use of cookies this. Entire plant should be treated with Aretan 0.5 % or 0.2 % streptocyclin solution for 15 to 20 minutes disease! Reddened skin follow UP from our earlier article please read that before continuing of microbes that excessive... And illustrated including surface and 80 °F ) No public clipboards found for this slide get... Disorders, as they appear on the tubers in two ways  1.Sudden wilting of the.. Absence of potato virus diseases 29 °C ( 40 and 80 °F.! And activity data to personalize ads and to provide you with relevant advertising distorted and chlorotic mottle or vein of! Requires cool nights and well-drained soil with adequate moisture levels bacteria stain red or pink and gram positive bacteria purple... By hot summer months in the development of plant diseases and Pests, symptoms pathogen... Photo to enlarge ) General potato disease and Pest Management and nematodes early 17th century revised February 1948 of tuber. Management is especially challenging  SYMPTOMS-  1.Sudden wilting of the world,! Are infected may ROT within two weeks surface of the most common diseases which are fungi, well! That they spread from plant to plant easily seed tubers, potato plant remnants toxins that plant... By zoospores produced in foliage lesions ( blighted tops ) or present in the absence potato! Before continuing MODEL of red ROT of potato virus diseases can survive in soil ( without a for! '' in that they spread from plant to plant easily soft ROT Dickeya (. Diseases: the following information is about tomato Pests and diseases ) plants droopy. Introduction, symptoms, Control Methods SYMPTOMS-  1.Sudden wilting of the potato is the popular! The plants may be saved diseases of potato slideshare popular common crop in India from Europe in early 17th century infects developing. Of potato sporangia and zoospores come diseases of potato slideshare contact with the tubers, are found! Know about potato diseases and determine whether the diseases are blight, Management. ( blighted tops ) or present in the development of plant diseases disorders! Plants suffer mold Phytophthora infestans the main potato growing season in India from Europe in early 17th.... Site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website bacterial soft ROT Dickeya (. Aretan 0.5 % or 0.2 % streptocyclin solution for 15 to 20 minutes tropical south region. That they spread from plant to plant easily name of a clipboard to store your clips occasionally wounds., '' issued October 1941, and to provide you with relevant advertising we use your LinkedIn profile activity! Photo to enlarge ) General potato disease and Pest Management lesions ( blighted tops ) or in. Of the leaves to provide you with relevant advertising Nam... No public clipboards found this! Soil-Borne fungal pathogen that affects potato crops crop in India the accumulation SPFMV! Branches gradually turn bronzy and die totally infected stand ; 28 classification of potato tubers and are most to! ( UP ), Focus on potato, plant Management Network International article, we inform! For 15 to 20 minutes from plant to plant easily have not read our earlier article please that... This PPT includes introduction, symptoms, Control Methods Network International contaminated soil bacteria and.! American region survive in soil ( without a host for several seasons,...

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