In 1984 the company signed separate agreements with Moon-Star Chemical Corp., Mizuno Corp., and Zett Corp. to handle the manufacture, distribution, and sale of Converse footwear in Japan. Valid from 1995, its contract granted the company permission to use the NBA name in all advertising and promotions and to manufacture shoes with logos of NBA teams or other affiliations. It was in 1908 that the Converse Rubber Corporation opened for business. Please watch our special message from President Newkirk as we commemorated 130 years! Following the acquisition of Apex, Converse launched an 'integrated head-to-toe apparel program' of coordinated outfits bearing the colors of top college teams. 5 athletic shoe company. Copyright (c) 2019 Company-Histories.com. Diversification followed for the once-again independent company. It seems like virtually everyone has a pair of Converse Chuck Taylor All Star sneakers, the iconic canvas shoes that have been around since 1917. The spots primarily targeted cable channels such as the Black Entertainment Network and MTV. It also introduced a women's line of athletic originals in the spring of 1999. Diversification into the Apparel Business in 1995. When the railroad was completed, the first train passed through Converse in 1877. U.S.A. The Converse Rubber Shoe Company was an offshoot of Marquis, whose primary focus shifted to athletic footwear by 1915. Converse is a Boston-based company owned by NIKE, Inc. At first the company only made galoshes and other work related rubber shoes on a seasonal basis. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Consequently, Converse diversified to become a full-line athletic shoe operation. In 1840 there were 64 Converse families living in Massachusetts. Wear sneakers. Converse sneakers got their start in 1908, when founder Marquis M. Converse opened up shop in Malden, Massachusetts. Converse became the most popular sports shoe throughout the postwar era. Our success is rooted in a corporate culture of satisfying clients, well-trained staff, a high retention rate among professional and technical personnel and openness to new ideas and technologies. The young company experienced a dramatic increase in sales after its 1917 introduction of the Converse canvas All Star, one of the world's first basketball shoes. Yet, in 1992 old friction resumed with Johnson's public statements that Converse marketing was outdated and that he was terminating his contract before the official date. Since 1908 when Converse was founded it was very popular among many athletes, artist, musicians, and designers. It was founded in 1964 as Blue Ribbon Sports by Bill Bowerman, a track-and-field coach at the University of Oregon, and his former student Phil Knight. Posted in Announcement, Event, Featured Progress came to a halt because of an outbreak of yellow fever. The origins of Converse Inc. date back to 1908, when Marquis M. Converse founded the Converse Rubber Company in Malden, Massachusetts with a capital investment of $250,000. The History of Converse stemming back over 100 years. Converse brand lines were further expanded with the 1961 acquisition of the Tyer Rubber Company and the 1964 acquisition of the Hodgman brand of sporting goods equipment. Skip to content Skip to site index. Today, over 100 years since the company was first founded, Converse are still as popular as ever with many celebrities and bands wearing them. By the late 1970s, factors, including increased foreign competition, soaring labor and overhead costs, and a weak domestic economy, forced the company to pare down operations, consolidate, and increase efficiency. Converse also supplied merchandise to cheerleaders and ball retrievers throughout the league. Phil Knight was a middle distance runner hailing from Portland who trained under track and field coach Bill Bowerman. In this way, despite the ongoing layoffs and losses that continued to plague Converse into the first half 1999, the company aimed to position itself to take advantage of the anticipated improvement in industry conditions. Its instantly recognizable designs have long been a part of fashionable wardrobes the world over. Principal Competitors: Adidas; Fila; Nike; L.A. Gear; Keds; Reebok. As one of the oldest footwear & apparel companies in the United States, Converse’s claim to be “America’s original sports company” definitely holds up. This was about 26% of all the recorded Converse's in the USA. He started his own firm after Beacon was absorbed by U.S. Rubber, and, within a year of its founding, the Converse Rubber Company had integrated 350 employees into a full-production team in a new plant. Through the combined efforts of a group of senior managers, Converse spun off from its parent to become a privately owned and operated entity. The factory made winter footwear for men, womenand children. Off-White is a luxury menswear/streetwear founded by Virgil Abloh in 2012 and is based in Milan. I was about to interview Steve Van Doren, whose father co-founded the company in 1966. Major Converse sold four lots to William Lippe. Requiring players to wear Converse shoes introduced ethical and legal problems that had to be carefully resolved. Founder Converse was founded by Marquis Mills Converse and has been owned by Nike Inc since 2003. Inspired by Rumi’s provocation she offers 8 experiences to help you reflect on your own journey. After Converse added Taylor's signature to the ankle patch they became known as Chuck Taylor All Stars. In addition, Converse initiated a licensing agreement with A4 of Los Angeles to produce its Star 91 line of apparel and footwear, as well as two other men's apparel lines. The thick rubber outsole and snug, high-top design were perfect for players wanting to crush it on the court even then. 'Converse as a company is stuck in the '60s and '70s. Converse celebrated Founder’s Day virtually this year! By 1983, Converse stock was available on the NASDAQ national market. All rights reserved. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Until it emerged from bankruptcy proceedings in the autumn of 1992, support for rapidly slipping Converse brands was limited to a dangerously low budget. After 1977, Converse was contracted as the official shoe of USA Basketball, which agreed to 'use its best efforts to outfit players in Converse shoes,' according to Jeffrey Orridge, assistant executive director for corporate and legal affairs for the sports group, in a September 1992 article in The American Lawyer. The game of basketball was then in its infancy, having been invented by James Naismith in 1891 at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School. Timeline of the shoe since 1910 1910s - Previously in 1908 Marquis Mill Converse he had opened the Converse Rubber Shoe Company in Malden and began production. The Stone family dynasty ended its reign in 1972, when Converse was purchased by the Eltra Corporation. Her sneakers and sneakers of various shades are in demand around the world. By 1910, the company had expanded its plant to produce 4,000 pairs of boots and rubbers daily. ... And that shoe let her do things that no man could do.'. Converse was founded in 1908 by Marquis Mills Converse as the Converse Rubber Shoe Company. But the Spaniard insists he will not have any say in the clubs transfers this summer. The company also continued to promote its athletic originals, its Chuck Taylor and Jack Purcell shoes. Major Converse bought a considerable amount of land on both sides of the railroad. West Kingston, Rhode Island 02892 Rupp believed Converse should play to its strength as one of the few shoe companies with sizable domestic production facilities. New and Innovative Marketing Strategies in the 1990s. Facing the growing pressure of foreign imports, Converse moved to develop its export business to international markets. Expansion and Increased Competition in the 1970s. Total promotional costs approached the $10 million mark. The company has since expanded to offer an array of rubber-soled models, including the Converse One Star Ox, alongside a clothing line. When Johnson won the NBA's most valuable player award, Converse created a 30-second highlight piece of his best moves in the NBA tournament filmed in slow motion to the accompaniment of 'Amazing Grace.' He traveled around the country selling the shoe and promoting basketball in clinics. Chuc… The original Converse company was set up in Malden, Massachusetts in 1908 by Marquis Mills Converse, who called his new venture the Converse Rubber Shoe company. It was spun off in November 1994. We see them around but we don't know what goes on behind the scenes. In 1917, the Converse All-Star basketball shoe was introduced and began to be worn by Chuck Taylor. It also signed a licensing agreement with Genender International design to manufacture and market a line of Converse clocks and watches. Converse had gained extensive retail experience as a general manager of one of Boston ’ s largest department stores and at Beacon Falls Rubber Shoe Co. Converse had gained extensive retail experience as a general manager of one of Boston's largest department stores and at Beacon Falls Rubber Shoe Co. Converse had gained extensive retail experience as a general manager of one of Boston ’ s largest department stores and at Beacon Falls Rubber Shoe Co. Find Classic Chuck, Chuck 70, One Star, Jack Purcell & More. In early 1998, Converse cut more jobs and changed its marketing strategy, instituting its new 'Stay true' campaign, designed to appeal to 12- to 18-year-old athletes and featuring younger players at the start of their careers. Free shipping & returns. In her new, light Converses, the ad proclaimed, grandmama could blow by you 'faster than a passing thought. She'll eat point guards for lunch and pick her teeth with a power forward.'. Nike was previously known as Blue Ribbon Sports (RBS) founded in 1964 by Phil Knight and Bill Bowerman. Despite Johnson's criticism, Converse moved into the late 1980s and early 1990s with new and innovative marketing strategies aimed at regaining lost market share. One driving force behind such growth was the building of direct company operations in key European, Asian, and North American locations, in addition to licensed distributors in more than 90 countries worldwide. It also continued to promote its athletic originals in Japan, where they were a huge success, and its skate casual shoes in Europe. The $25 million Converse account followed along one day later. It was in this year that the New Hamsphire-born Marquis Mills Converse founded the Converse Rubber Shoe Company. Converse started making an early basketball shoe in 1917 and redesigned it in 1922, when Chuck Taylorasked the company to create a better shoe with more support and flexibility. 'I've been trying to get out for years.'. When it first started out, the Converse logo was the brand’s name, but marketing experts realized it would be beneficial to create something unique. Together with President Michael 'Mickey' Bell, who would resign abruptly in August 1996, Rupp undertook a restructuring of the nation's No. From Basketball Shoe Innovator to Market Leader in the Early 20th Century. About Penelope and Earth Converse: Penelope Mavor as podcast host is the founder of Earth Converse a nature-based leadership collaborative helping leaders have the conversations they need to: with themselves, each other and the earth. Founded in Malden, Massachusetts, in 1908 as a rubber shoe manufacturer, Converse first began producing canvas shoes in 1915, since there wasn't a … Mr Converse was quick to latch onto the potential of the rapidly growing rubber shoe industry after having worked at the local Beacon Falls Rubber Shoe store. Converse continued to struggle throughout 1998, at which point it moved to reduce its heavy reliance on its basketball category and to institute other footwear categories, such as men's and women's athletic originals and action sports. In June of that year, Converse's advertising team at Ingalls startled Madison Avenue by pulling up stakes and moving across town to Houston, Effler & Partners Inc. In 1993 Converse introduced its Run `N' Gun, featuring a patented React cushioning device with a combination of gas and gel built into the heel to absorb shock and provide additional maneuvering control. In 1908, the original Converse Rubber Company was founded in Malden, Massachusetts, a few miles north of downtown. Marquis Converse founded the Converse Rubber Shoe Company in the town of Malden, Massachusetts in 1908. To help you make the right decision, we’ve done all the research for you, including researching what Converse are made out of. London, England - July 27, 2007: Pair of Converse Baseball Boots in worn condition, Converse is an American shoe company founded in 1908 - Acheter cette photo libre de droit et découvrir des images similaires sur Adobe Stock Sales divisions, which had traditionally been divided between sporting goods and footwear, were consolidated into one team. Nevertheless, Converse announced record sales for fiscal 1987, breaking the $315 million barrier and representing a 36 percent increase over 1986. Shop Converse.com for shoes, clothing, gear and the latest collaboration. Converse, Geo M, 91. In 1920 their signature shoe was re-named the All-Star to better convince athletes it was a real champion’s shoe. Ever since Chuck Taylor served as its first player endorser, Converse has continued to promote its footwear through high-profile sports celebrities and athletes. Even under the financial strain of its bankrupt parent, Converse garnered an effective creative team at its New York agency, Ingalls Quinn and Johnson, which developed a hit campaign featuring NBA Rookie of the Year Larry Johnson dressed up as his basketball-playing 'grandmama.' The company has since expanded to offer an array of rubber-soled models, including the Converse One Star Ox, alongside a clothing line. With sales outside of the United States now close to 50 percent of net revenues, Converse formed Converse Canada and assigned the new division exclusive distribution and license rights for footwear, apparel, hats, and bags in Canada. It also purchased Apex One Inc., a designer and marketer of sports-related footwear and apparel that also made products under license with professional sports teams, leagues, and institutions of higher education. Genuine classic Converse converse high canvas shoes to help couples Brand: Converse Unit: Double Goods Description: 2009 New size range :35-40 Women 39-45 Men Wholesale Price 105 yuan more than the amount Converse shoes can bargain now is the NBA has been designated with the … Converse was founded in 1908 by Marquis Mills Converse as the Converse Rubber Shoe Company. 2019 marked a historic milestone as the College announced its new status … In 1917, the most successful shoe in history was invented. The Converse company was founded in 1908 and is headquartered in Massachusetts. Located in Malden, Massachusetts, the firm was started by Marquis M. Converse. The company entered into deals with Rodman, Latrell Sprewell, Larry Johnson, and ABL star Theresa Edwards (40 percent of Chuck Taylor high tops were purchased by women) to help market its updated old shoe designs. … The company made rubber shoes, such as galoshes, before manufacturing footwear for the athletic market. London, England - December 07, 2005: Pair of Converse Baseball Boots in worn condition, Converse is an American shoe company founded in 1908 - Acheter cette photo libre de droit et découvrir des images similaires sur Adobe Stock Exploiting the marketability of the 'Made in the U.S.A.' label, Rupp's goal was to decrease the time it took for an order to be filled from six to only a few weeks. The group, led by Richard B. Loynd, president of Allied's Eltra Corporation, of which Converse was part, and John P. O'Neil, Converse president, negotiated the purchase of the Converse division from Allied for approximately $100 million. It had lost the majority of its market share to Reebok and Nike. By January 1986, the New York Times reported that 'Nike of Beaverton, Ore., maker of Air Jordan basketball shoes, appears to be outrunning such competitors as Reebok International Ltd., Converse Inc. and Hyde Athletic Industries.'. That same year, the footwear division of B.F. Goodrich Co. was acquired, adding a modern manufacturing plant in Lumberton, North Carolina and a large distribution center in Charlotte, North Carolina, which remained the hub for Converse distribution as the company continued to expand. Bankruptcy. The Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 as the most recent attempt at creating a unified national league. Converse x Pigalle. It’s normally the part of the URL that comes after your primary website URL.That’s why we didn’t add “https://rvambition.com” to the screenshot above. Oct 17, 2019 - @converse was founded in 1908 as the Converse Rubber Shoe Company and its first … @converse was founded in 1908 as the Converse Rubber Shoe Company and its first line-up comprised 10 rubber galoshes. Control of the company then passed on to Mitchell B. Kaufman, who had been president of Hodgman Rubber Company since 1925. Chuck Taylor. Citing doubt regarding Interco's future profitability, Standard & Poor's placed the company on CreditWatch. After the player announced that he had tested HIV positive in the winter of 1991, Converse aired a $1 million public service campaign called 'Magic's Athletes Against AIDS.' Converse is a Boston-based company owned by NIKE, Inc. Check out everyone from the Converse community who joined us this year by posting a photo on social media with the hashtag #converseway! Converse was also a sponsor of USA Basketball beginning with its inception in 1975. Although Converse produced 12 million pairs of sports shoes a year and had become the leader in basketball footwear, Allied put the company up for sale. What you wear defines sport, street, and creative culture, and we’ve been redefining it with you all along. However, the date of retrieval is often important. On January 22, 2001, Converse was forced to file for bankruptcy. The company also opened a new factory in Presque Isle, Maine in 1967 and purchased the Bristol manufacturing company in Rhode Island in 1969. Within a year, he inspired a restyling of the brand's basketball shoe, which led to the nickname "Chuck Taylors." After Kaufman's untimely death a year later, his successor, Albert Wechsler, operated the company for the Kaufman estate until 1933, when a depressed economy and reduced profits prompted yet another change in command. The origins of Converse Inc. date back to 1908, when Marquis M. Converse founded the Converse Rubber Company in Maiden, Massachusetts with a capital investment of $250,000. Converse All Star sneakers were first released in 1917, and basketball star Charles “Chuck" Taylor became a Converse shoe salesman in 1921. Maybe not quite everybody, though, because Nike, which bought the Converse … Meaning and History Evolution of the Converse Logo. With the globalization of basketball, Converse increased its overseas contacts. The honor was not cheap: Converse paid the Los Angeles Olympic Organizing Committee (LAOCC) $4 million and spent an additional $3.5 million for national television advertising. Converse provides a rapidly growing array of co-educational degree programs on the UCG campus, which began with the MAT in Early Childhood Education and expanded in 2019 to include an undergraduate degree completion program, the Master of Marriage and Family Therapy, and the Doctorate in Professional Leadership. Founded in 1908, it has been a subsidiary of Nike, Inc. since 2003. Nike, Inc., American sportswear company headquartered in Beaverton, Oregon. Converse slipped to sixth place in its industry, posting a $5 million loss despite record sales of $450 million and an increase in revenues, while throughout the sector inventories bloated and sales showed signs of going flat. Apollo Investment Fund, led by former Drexel Burnham Lambert dealmaker Leon Black, wound up with 60 percent of the company's stock. The Chuck Taylor All Star made a name out of Converse. But eventually the company decided it was more efficient to keep their work force employed year … When Was Convertkit Founded. The Converse Rubber Shoe Company was created by Marquis Mills Converse in Malden, Massachusetts. The Converse Rubber Shoe Company was opened in 1908. They think the Chuck Taylor sneaker days are still here,' Johnson told reporters in Monte Carlo after the U.S. basketball team practiced for the Olympics. The most Converse families were found in the USA in 1880. Nike sues over iconic Converse sneakers, but who exactly is Chuck Taylor? Converse is an American shoe company, best known for the canvas All Star shoe, founded by Marquis Mills in 1908. Converse had gained extensive retail experience as a general manager of one of Boston's largest department stores and at Beacon Falls Rubber Shoe Co. But the second half of 1995 unfolded in a fiasco for Converse, with layoffs, leaky shoes, and trouble at its new subsidiary. Due to their popularity, many vegans are now asking: are Converse vegan friendly? In another 1993 award-winning campaign for the new AeroJam shoe, the agency again played off Larry Johnson's 'grandmama' theme. Converse is a brand that generations upon generations have grown up wearing since 1908. Find Classic Chuck, Chuck 70, One Star, Jack Purcell & More. Though the company had provided Olympic footwear every year since 1936, in 1984 it became the first footwear supplier ever chosen to officially represent the games. To ensure continued development of innovative and well-designed footwear, Converse invested in an advanced technologies lab staffed by a 70-member research and development team. Converse Founded in 1908 in Massachusetts, U.S.A., Converse has gained worldwide recognition for its instantly recognisable Chuck Taylor All Star shoe. In February 1990, the company began a five-year, seven-figure contract as the sponsor of the Federation Internationale de Basketball (FIBA). In the wake of this success, Converse made plans to market the Dr. J 2000 basketball shoe and the All Star 91, or Dennis Rodman shoe, in spring 1997 in time for the NBA's 50th anniversary. Sales were delegated to three separate divisions: Sporting Goods, Footwear, and Industrial. The company leveraged the artistic work of Charles Kerins to push for further sales in high schools and colleges. We find it in its physiological and an…, 132 Fairgrounds Road Initially, the Converse Rubber Shoe Company produced rubber based sneakers for … To better market its products, it partnered with pro basketball hopeful and recording artist, Master P, on a line of sneakers to complement its joint No Limit apparel, the All Star MP. In the late 1980s, Converse stressed advertising and promotional campaigns to compete with such brands as Nike, Reebok, L.A. Gear, and Keds. In addition, company statistics showed that 21 percent of all professional basketball players wore Converse shoes. The universities of Arkansas and Kentucky were the first to take to the court in Converse garb and matching sneakers. Sales of tennis shoes, including the popular Jimmy Connors leather model, increased 400 percent in 1983 alone. May 17, … Through the brand, he brings … While grandmama performed staggering jumps and dunks in her AeroJams, Johnson narrated: 'There was an old lady who lived in a shoe. In 1917, Converse introduced the All Star, the world's first basketball shoe. Drawing upon the fruits of the $6.5 million, $8.8 million, and $7.7 million it spent on research and development in 1996, 1997, and 1998, respectively, Converse introduced a new shoe technology in 1999: He:01, a helium gas-cushioned shoe and the company's first technological innovation since the early 1990s. The Beginnings of a Full-Line Athletic Shoe Operation in the 1980s, Converse also faced competition from other domestic shoe companies. In 1932, they created the Converse Chuck Taylor All-Star basketball shoes. By the mid-1980s, Converse running shoes had become a popular item. A lot of shopping cart software application makes it pretty simple to immediately reroute an effective order to a page of your choosing. In October and November, it laid off two more rounds of employees, and in December, just when it looked as if Converse was getting back on track with the decision to eliminate its outdoor, running, walking, tennis, and football product lines, its RAW Energy and RAW power basketball shoes literally sprang a leak, and the company was faced with the embarrassment and recall of 400,000 pairs of shoes. In 1985 the brand paired two rival coaches--Denny Crum from the University of Louisville Cardinals and Joe B. Converse Rubber Shoe Company was founded in 1908 in Malden, Massachusetts in the United States. Other promotional strategies included free trial shoes at the 1985 Sports & Runners Expo in Boston; environmental sponsorship of the Windstar Foundation of Snowmass, Colorado; and sponsorship of the Hoop-It-Up three-on-three basketball tour, bringing the game of American streetball to 13 European cities and to youth groups at home. She is currently a subsidiary of Nike Corporation. Rupp's goals for the year included marketing the retro look, expanding the supply of children's lines, pursuing a larger share of women's and girl's athletic shoes, and garnering a significant portion of sales in its new action sports category--gear for boarding and eco-training. The Converse Rubber Shoe Co. of Malden, Mass., began turning its attention to rubber-soled shoes for athletic usage in 1917. Source: International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. SEARCH. Converse has been making Chuck Taylor All Star and One Star sneakers since we started over a century ago, and now we work to make new street style classics. The facility included work stations equipped with powerful computers, robots, and testing systems. The company begun as a rubber shoe manufacturer, which offered winterized rubber soled footwear for men, women, and children. learn how over 7,000 companies got started! In the case of basketball endorser Earvin 'Magic' Johnson, Converse received more publicity than it may have bargained for. The converse is a cult brand of casual and athletic shoes and the name of a manufacturing company founded in 1908 in Boston (USA). By 1945, sports became a huge attraction as the public sought means to forget the War. In addition, the company has diversified into varied rubber products, sports apparel, and full lines of athletic shoes for tennis, cross-training, team sports, running, walking, and children's recreation. Fax: (401) 789-3710 Or should they be avoided? Houston took off with a new generation of ads to sell new shoes. Unlike most sneakers, the Chuck Taylor All Star’s history stretches all the way back to 1908, when Marquis Mills Converse founded the Converse Rubber Shoe Company in Malden, Massachusetts. In addition to designing the most effective shoes possible, Converse enhanced its reputation by sponsoring major basketball organizations and events worldwide. Athleap, a company founded by Jim Halpert and his college friends, was bought out by Converse in 2015. Because of this, Converse has yet to find a single example from this period for their official archive. Marquis Mills Converse founded his rubber shoe company in 1908, but it wasn't until former basketball player Chuck Taylor came on board a decade later that Converse gained iconic status. Converse /ˈkɒnvərs/ is an American shoe company that designs, distributes, and licenses sneakers, skating shoes, lifestyle brand footwear, apparel, and accessories. Telephone: (401) 789-5735 In 1968, a year before his death, Taylor was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Hall of Fame. Its All Star 2000, a leatherized update of its traditional basketball show, which featured an old-fashioned Chuck Taylor All Star patch, began selling at a rapid clip in 1997. It was founded in 1964 as Blue Ribbon Sports by Bill Bowerman, a track-and-field coach at the University of Oregon, and his former student Phil Knight. In fact, the undercapitalized Apex, which had long had trouble making orders, no longer had the trust of most retailers, despite its affiliation with Converse. Marquis M. Converse founded the brand and claims to be America’s original sports company, which is a controversial statement amongst others. They were originally athletic shoes. ver…, Freud uses the term innervation throughout his work, both with and without reference to hysterical conversion. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. 1966: Paul Van Doren, Jim Van Doren, Gordon Lee and Gordon’s son Butch cut cake to celebrate opening day of the first Vans factory . Unfortunately, by the end of 1997, people had shifted from wearing basketball sneakers and other athletic shoes to what the industry called 'brown shoes'--work boots, hiking shoes, and casual footwear in brown or black. They started off making winter shoes and boots, but their portfolio soon expanded to include canvas shoes. Houston also designed a 30-second television spot featuring Kevin 'KJ' Johnson of the Phoenix Suns, with music by pop group En Vogue. The origins of Converse Inc. date back to 1908, when Marquis M. Converse founded the Converse Rubber Company in Maiden, Massachusetts with a capital investment of $250,000. After providing protective footwear, special-purpose boots, parkas, and other equipment for the American Armed Services during World War II, the Stones concentrated on rapid growth in a civilian market. Because of an outbreak of yellow fever one Star Ox, alongside a clothing line facility work... The railroad there was rapid progress All-Star debuted in 1917, the UK, and creative culture, Industrial! Off making winter shoes and boots, but their portfolio soon expanded to offer an array of models... Women 's line of athletic footwear in the spring of 1999 14 pros representing 11 teams. May 17, … Converse founded the sportswear brand Pigalle as an athletic sneaker, … Converse lost as... Rubber-Infused products national basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 as the public sought means to forget War! 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